The sword is a two-edged weapon that is basically a straight blade cutting , stabbing or both, with handle, and of a certain size . The design and construction of the sword can vary greatly , depending on the length of the blade , its shape, its edges , its handles , hawks , provenance, etc. . According to the characteristics they possess, receive a particular name that identifies , classifies and situates the weapon within a particular type . Have their sharp metal foil on one or both edges if pit , and with or without sharp edges and sharp points is hard if punching, or with both. The handle is made of many different materials , especially if they were swords to "gird " or "stop" aristocratic , but he used to employ coated wood or horn or leather or rope . Since its appearance very early ( IV millennium BC) , the blade is made of copper initially (very weak ) , then bronze , and finally iron tempered steel . Invoice and swordsmanship remain constant over the centuries , but the techniques vary among cultures and periods as a result of differences in the design and purpose of the sheet. The names given to many swords in mythology , literature and history reflect the high prestige of the weapon .
Foil is one of three fencing weapons , along with the sword and saber . Their blade is rectangular. very league section and high flexibility In the seventeenth century the foil appears as harmless weapon , complete with a flower-shaped button , which allowed safe simulate a duel . In the past , women could only shoot foil, and given the low weight of the weapon was used by children . At present , although it is advisable to start learning at least some basic principles of foil, fencers begin with any of the three weapons .
A dagger is a stab flat sheet and sharp shot . It is longer than a dagger and shorter than a sword . Usually have double edge and guard for to protect the fist. It 's used as a secondary weapon , complementing the sword . They would also carry women as protection.A knife is a knife , similar to the knife , whose blade is triangular and is designed to kill people or animals. Unlike the knife can not be folded . It measures 20 to 30 inches long and only hurts the tip . Also used as a defensive weapon of a soldier , after his gun . In all cases , daggers and knives are considered secondary or tertiary weapons .
The Claymore is a sword of great weight and large to be handled with both hands to do with speed. It is a weapon of the XV and XVI used in combat on foot , designed to effectively attack armor and chain mail , sometimes causing serious bruising or fractures without pierce armor . However, their main goal was to break the ranks of armored pikemen to allow a major offensive , as cavalry charges . The grip of the Claymore half approximately one fifth or one fourth of the total weapon, were endowed with long guard and cross hawks were often topped by a spherical or round knob , which could rotate left wrist over, which allowed Quick strike blows and thrusts a respectable distance . These swords could also wield with one hand on the handle and one on the first third , which had no edge , so that allowed proper handling at close range. To enhance this potential usage , or minimize their counterparts also be used to provide the start barbed edge to falsaguarda mode , to improve the grip , preventing the hand from sliding up the edge and to prevent outside the opponent's sword which slide down the edge to catch the hand .
The saber is together with the sword and the foil, one of three weapon of fencing. It has a protector in the shape of bowl, which bows under the hand, and a sheet of only one knife-edge thought to cut, usually used in knighthood and infantry in the XIXth century and even XX. This curved character of the sheet and his only knife-edge, differs traditionally to the saber of the sword.The curvature of the saber tries to achieve, theoretically, that a man on horseback, on having unloaded the arm with this weapon, draws a wide circle on the infante achieving that in the court point the saber is always tangential. For this reason it is not threaded, but it cuts, with what the wound increases without fixing the weapon. Due to it the sabers thought for knighthood have a big curvature, they are almost circular; thought for infantry they possess a minor curvature, since importance must be granted to the defensive function, keep the enemy removed, estocar and stop his blows.
Swords and functional hand forged suitable for Combat Martial Arts and the practice of fencing , made of different kinds of steels . The global success of Toledo steel lies in the mastery with which skilled craftsmen handle quenching technique . The temperature is achieved in coal forges through , and by the color of hot steel with immersion time in special oils ,it manages to raise the steel to its maximum hardness, so that in its next phase which is the tempering , again in the forge , steel release their tensions and so is getting hardness and flexibility at the same time. According to legend , the city of Toledo temple attributed this quality of the waters of the Tajo river , being warm waters in which tempered the sword blades .